in pre-war black paint, and without pennant number
Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering CompanyGovan
3 QF 4-inch (101.6mm) L/40 Mark IV guns, mounting P Mk. IX
HMSFortunewas an, and the twenty-first ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name. She was launched in 1913 and was sunk at theBattle of Jutlandin 1916.
TheAcastas were larger and heavier armed than the preceding H and I classes (AcornandAcheron, respectively), displacing about 25% more and with the mixed calibre armament replaced with a uniform fit ofQF4-inch guns, which theAcastas introduced. Previous 4-inch (102mm) weapons had been of the breech-loading (BL) type. The guns were shipped one each on theforecastleand either side abreast the after torpedo tube (or amidships before and after the tube in some ships.) All ships had three funnels, the foremost being tall and narrow, the second short and wide and the third level with the second but narrower. The foremost torpedo tube was sited between the second and third funnels, a distinctive feature of this class.
There were twelve standard vessels built to a common Admiralty design, and eight builders specials that (except forGarland) had a shorter, less beamy hull; five of the latter were fromThornycroftwith 22,500shp (16,800kW) (one of Thornycrofts ships,Hardy, was planned todieselcruising motors, but these were not ready in time andHardywas completed with Thornycrofts standard machinery).2One byParsonsGarland) had semi-geared turbines3giving a speed of 31knots(57km/h; 36mph) on trials, with a seventh fromFairfieldshad a clipper bow. The eighth special wasArdentbyWilliam Denny, Dumbarton, which was built usinglongitudinal framingrather than conventional transverse framing. WhileArdentsnovel construction seems to have been a success, no more destroyers were built for the Royal Navy using longitudinal framing until theJ-class destroyersin the 1930s.34
Fortunedisplaced1,072 tonnes (1,055 long tons) with alengthof 267feet 6inches (81.53m), abeamof 27 feet (8.2m) and adraughtof 9feet 6inches (2.90m). The destroyer had a complement of 73.5
The ship was powered by fourYarrow-type water-tube boilerswhich fedrated at 24,500shaft horsepower(18,300kW), which drove two shafts,5giving the destroyer a maximum speed of 29 knots (54km/h; 33mph).Fortunewas given an experimental clipperbow5
Fortunewas armed with threeQF 4-inch (101.6mm) L/40 Mark IV gunson P Mk. IX mountings. However,Fortunewas a Builders Special, and the second 4-inch gun was mounted on a platform between the no.2 and 3 funnels. The ship oneQF 2 pdr pom-pomMk. II gun. The destroyer was also equipped with two singletorpedo tubesfor four.5
Fortunewaslaid downunder the 19111912 construction programme byFairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Companyandlaunchedon 17 March 1913.6She was temporarily renamed HMSKismetin October 1913, but this was reverted shortly afterwards.6
She joined the4th Destroyer Flotillaon completion and served with theGrand Fleeton the outbreak ofWorld War I.
During the evening of 31 May 1916, the 4th Flotilla was screening the rear of the Grand Fleet in theBattle of Jutland, against theImperial German NavyHigh Seas Fleet. At 11:20pm, the 4th Flotilla encountered unknown ships off their starboard quarter. Believing them to be British, theflashed a challenge. Six opposing ships, comprising theNassauandRheinlandand three cruisers, turned on their floodlights and opened up with their secondary armament. Most aimed forTipperarywhich was soon ablaze. The destroyers began to return fire and launched a torpedo attack, which led to a collision among the Germans.7
During this first attack,FortuneandArdentwere separated from the rest of the flotilla. They began to look for the German ships which had disengaged after battering their way though the 4th Flotilla.8About 11:30pm9they eventually found four large ships and engaged them. BothArdentandFortunewere sunk in the ensuing firefight. The last anyone saw ofFortunewas the ship afire but still firing as the destroyer was sinking.8
The wrecksite is designated as aprotected place10under theProtection of Military Remains Act 1986.
Office of Public Sector Information, 1 April 2008
The Grand Fleet: Warship Design and Development 19061922
British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War
Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal, eds. (1985).
Conways All the Worlds Fighting Ships: 19061921.
Castles of Steel: Britain, Germany, and the Winning of the Great War at Sea.
Battle of Jutland Crew Lists Project – HMS Fortune Crew List
Names beginning with K were assigned in September 1913, but never used
Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in June 1916
North Sea articles missing geocoordinate data
This page was last edited on 3 October 2019, at 17:58