is a(pre-K through 12)boarding schoolinHershey, Pennsylvania. Originally named the, the institution was founded and funded by chocolate industrialistMilton Snavely Hersheyand his wife, Catherine Sweeney Hershey. The school was originally established for impoverished, healthy, male orphans, while today it serves students of various backgrounds. TheMilton Hershey School Trust, which funds the school, owns controlling interest inThe Hershey Companyand owns theHershey Entertainment and Resorts Company(HE&R) which oversees many of the area hotels along with a theme park calledHersheypark. With over $12 billion in assets,the Milton Hershey School is one of the wealthiest schools in the world. The school is overseen by a Board of Managers.
The school currently serves more than 2,000 students. A member ofCORE: Coalition for Residential Education, it is the largestresidential educationprogram in the US.
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It was Kittys idea, Milton Hershey always said when he spoke of the Hershey Industrial School. If we had helped a hundred children it would have all been worthwhile.6
Fifteen years younger than her husband, Catherine Hershey developed an undiagnosable illness circa 1901, and was increasingly sickly for years.7Hersheys father, Henry, had been highly intelligent, but not too realistic; his get-rich schemes never worked too well. Hershey did not cope well with the instability; he had attended seven different schools, yet never made it into the fifth grade,8so when Kitty was unable to bear children, the Hersheys decided to give needy kids the kind of upbringing he never had. Milton and Catherine Hershey established a home and a school for poor, healthy, male orphans between the ages of 8 through 18 years of age.6
On November 15, 1909, Hershey signed over the 486-acre (1.97km2) farm where he had been born, complete with livestock, to start the school. In 1910, Nelson (age 6), and his brother Irvin (age 4) were the first to arrive. Their father, who had worked as a polisher in aMount Joyfoundry, had died after a long illness, and their mother couldnt support six children by taking in laundry. Their brother William, 2, was too young to be admitted for two more years. Another pair of brothers, sons of an Evangelical churchs pastor, arrived a few days later.6The first class consisted of 10 students,9and by 1914, there were 40 boys enrolled in the school.6
While Hershey consulted with experts on managing the school, he used three guiding principles to ensure the students had a good education, a sense of stability and security: every graduate should have a vocation, every student should learn love of God and man, and every student should benefit from wholesome responsibility. The vocational education program started with a woodworking shop, where the boys made their own beds and chests. Although Hershey was nonsectarian, claiming theSilver Ruleas his religion, Sunday school was held regularly at the home. Starting in March 1929, the boys got the responsibility of doing daily chores in the dairy barns.6
After Kittys death in 1915,7Hershey gave his entire personal fortune – thousands of acres of land, and controlling interest in the company, worthUS$60 million – to the school. He continued to be involved in the schools operations until his death in 1945.6
The organizational papers were modified in 1933, allowing the school to accept older students, and again in 1951 to change the name of the school from the Hershey Industrial School to the Milton Hershey School. In 1968, the school was racially integrated, although it wasnt until 1970 that the organizational papers allowed that, and another modification in 1976 allowed female students, who started arriving in 1977.6
In 1989, the school stopped requiring students to milk cows twice daily, reflecting a changed focus from vocational to college preparatory education, but students were still required to perform chores.6
Admissions are based on five major admissions criteria: (1) Age, (2) Financial Need, (3) Social Need, (4) Potential To Learn, and (5) Geographic Preference.10
The school gives preference to students fromPennsylvania, and especially to students fromDauphinLancaster, andLebanoncounties.10Tri-county students account for 28% of the student body, with another 49% coming from elsewhere in Pennsylvania. The remaining 23% of the student body comes from 34 other states and from the District of Columbia.11In 1982, Milton Hershey School admitted its first international students, Ian and Edward Ritchie from Ottawa in Ontario, Canada.
As of 2009update, the student population of the school is 1,818. Girls outnumber boys 945 to 873. The students are 46% Caucasian, 30%African American, 11% Hispanic, 1% Asian, less than 1% Native American and 12% other.11Approximately 47% of the students have siblings who also attend MHS.12
A married houseparent couple with child care experience provides full-time supervision for each residence, caring for 9 to 13 children of the same gender, and about the same age. A student will share his (or her) bedrooms with one or two other students.12
As of August 2007, all students in their Senior year live in the Transitional Living program, which places 4 students in an apartment, five apartments in a building, and two coordinators to oversee their actions. The program exists as a college-prep movement, in response to polls of MHS alumni which showed that many alumni felt unprepared for college. The TL program is notably more relaxed than the student homes, with fewer restrictions and rules. Transitional Living students are taught how to purchase food for themselves and are required to submit meal plans to their coordinators. According to the 2012 Health and Wellness Initiative introduced by the school, these meal plans must conform to healthy eating standards. They are additionally expected to maintain a regimented level of cleanliness throughout their apartments and common areas.
Students are plainly, neatly, and comfortably clothed, without distinctive dress.10Students wear a uniform of coordinated clothing to classes and other designated school functions. School policies say students may have a limited amount ofapprovedleisure and dress wear, and if the students family or sponsor cannot buy it, the school will.13
Each child is encouraged to explore belief in God and in prayer, although the school is non-sectarian.10By school policy, students are required to attend a weekly Judeo-Christian chapel service on Sunday mornings.14
Student homes, academic buildings, and other facilities are mostly located within rough walking distance of one another. The centerpiece of the campus is Founders Hall with an auditorium seating 2700.15
In September 2007, the school opened its Springboard Academy, a program geared toward new incoming sixth and seventh graders, to help with transition into the core program. In 2008, the program changed from sixth and seventh graders to eighth graders. Springboard Academy was housed on its own campus, where about 84 students lived in cottage-like dormitories. The program featured a non-traditional curriculum, where reading and math skills were taught in an experience based setting. However, the program was designed to help reduce the attrition rate of students enrolling in Milton Hershey School, and after 3 years the program was shut down since no measurable evidence of its success could be established. The schools president, Dr. Anthony Colistra, officially announced the closing of the program in 201016
Students are also encouraged to participate in activities such as visual and performing arts, athletics, student government association, mentoring/tutoring, and work-based learning.17The school has seen success in activities such as track and field, boys basketball, boys wrestling, and field hockey. Its athletic teams participate interscholastically in District 3s Mid-Penn Conference.
The school is the nations biggest and wealthiest boarding school for needy children, with $7.5 billion in assets for 1,900 students. Hershey spends about $110,000 a year per student, according to its nonprofit IRS tax filing, more than the nations most expensive and elite prep schools.18
In December 2011, Milton Hershey School found itself in the midst of controversy after anHIV positivestudent was denied admission. In a lawsuit filed against the school on behalf of the unnamed boy, the AIDS Law Project of Pennsylvania claimed the school violated theAmericans with Disabilities Act. School officials said that the boy was denied admission to protect other students. The school later apologized and offered the boy admission to the school, which he declined.19On September 12, 2012, the school reached a settlement with the AIDS Law Project of Pennsylvania in which the school would pay $700,000 to the student and his mother while also paying $15,000 in civil penalties and providing HIV training for students and staff members.20
On June 29, 2013, 14-year-old Abbie Bartels, who had a history ofdepression, committedsuicide by hangingherself after being barred by Hershey School from attending an 8th grade graduation ceremony.21In October 2017, a federal judge dismissed negligence claims against Milton Hershey School.22
In May 2016, it was reported byThe Philadelphia Inquirerthat the school was being investigated by theU.S. Department of Justicefor possible civil rights violations by not accepting students with physical disabilities and expelling those who present mental disabilities.23In December 2016, former student Jaiden Buchan filed a lawsuit against the school, alleging that she was, among other things, unjustly charged with a crime she did not commit and subsequently expelled.24
In July 2017, court documents were filed by former student Adam Dobson. In July 2018, the plaintiff respectfully withdraws his claims.22
Deesha DyerWhite House Social Secretary, graduated in 1995.
Garry Gilliam, Penn State University offensive linesman and NFL player, graduated 2009
Nellie King, a former major league pitcher for the Pittsburgh Pirates, graduated from the school in 1946.
Trymaine LeePulitzer Prize-winning journalist and national reporter forMSNBC.
Joe Senser, a former NFL star tight-end for the Minnesota Vikings, currently on the board of the Hershey Trust Company andHershey Entertainment & Resorts Company, graduated from the school in 1974.
Andrew Joseph Stack III, who flew aPiper Dakotaairplane into an IRS Building inAustin, Texasas a tax protest in 2010. Graduated in 1974.
Office of the President. Milton Hershey School
IRS Form 990 Milton Hershey School and School Trust
Board of Managers of the Milton Hershey School. Milton Hershey School
Hershey Chronicle, May 27, 1999 this was founded out by Catherine HersheyMilton Hershey School, retrieved September 22, 2006
Catherine Sweeney Hershey, retrieved September 22, 1006
2005-11-25 at theWayback Machine, retrieved September 22, 2006
2007-09-27 at theWayback Machine, retrieved September 22, 2006
2014-02-20 at theWayback Machine, February 2014
2006-10-06 at theWayback Machine, retrieved September 22, 2006
Religious programs, retrieved September 22, 2006
Fernandez, Bob (30 October 2011), How child-porn case led to Hershey School,
The Milton Hershey School apologizes to HIV-positive studentAugust 08, 2012, Kathy Boccella,
Hershey settles HIV suit with 14-year-old student denied school admission.
. Hershey. Associated Press. September 13, 2012
Miller, Barbara (October 25, urt ruling tosses out negligence claims in lawsuits against Milton Hershey School.
Report: Milton Hershey School target of probe.
Malawskey, Nick (January 20, 2017).Former Milton Hershey student files lawsuit against school.
Milton Hershey School and Milton Hershey the Man Unofficial website with historical information about the school and Milton Hershey.
The Association of Boarding Schools (TABS) school profile
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Wikipedia articles with style issues from February 2016
Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009
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Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia
This page was last edited on 9 July 2019, at 22:50